Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)

FAI is a condition in which there is a mechanical conflict between the femur (thigh bone) and acetabulum (hip socket) at the extremes of range of motion.

FAI is a common cause of hip pain in young adults. It can occur due to thickening of the femoral neck (CAM deformity), bony overgrowth of the edge of the acetabular socket (Pincer deformity) or both.

These bony deformities lead to conflict between bone and soft tissues. The repetitive conflicts can injure the joint cartilage, tear the labrum that surrounds the socket and over time this damage can lead to hip arthritis.

The initial treatment is usually an exercise therapy led program to strengthen the deep gluteal muscles that support the hip joint. Some patients require hip arthroscopy which is a keyhole surgery.

Jtw C 0001s 0002 621